DAPHNE (DAtes and PHeNological Estimation) is a tool created to contribute supporting the Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA) of pesticides. The rationale behind its development is based on correlating crop phenological stages (BBCH) to specific dates for representative geographic areas is…Open
The Directive 2009/128/CE of European Parliament and Council on Sustainable Use of Pesticides introduced a community action framework to protect the Environment of the EU and requested Member States to implement policies and actions in order to reduce the risk…Open
A new approach for the exposure assessment of soil organisms to plant protection products (PPPs) has been developed in the new EFSA Guidance Document. The recommended procedure consists of five tiers with different levels of complexity. The first tiers are…Open
Historically chronic or long-term studies performed for the authorisation of plant protection products (PPP) result in the reporting of endpoint values in terms of No-Observed Effect Concentration (NOEC). The related Test Guidelines (OECD, ISO, EPA) were designed to fulfil the…Open
Don’t mix the grape and the grain: are ERA official procedures suitable for inorganic plant protection products?
Most of currently used active ingredients in Plant Protection Products (PPP) are organic xenobiotics. Despite in numerical terms, natural inorganic compounds represent a small minority, their usage is extremely widespread. According to FAO data, inorganics represent about half of the…Open
Pesticide registration in EU (Reg. 1107/2009 EC) requires, among others, appropriate risk assessment for birds. The bird species currently used in risk assessment are the ones considered the most sensitive to all pesticides. In this work a realistic approach has…Open
Applicability of mitigation measures for surface water in Italy: the case study of the Lombardy Region.
In the authorization process of plant protection products (PPP), the evaluation of the impact of PPPs on surface water quality and on aquatic ecosystems is a crucial point. If the results of the risk assessment suggest an unacceptable risk for…Open